Marusik Yu.M.1, Azarkina G.N.2, Koponen S.3 2004. A survey of East Palaearctic Lycosidae (Aranei). II. Genus Acantholycosa F. Dahl, 1908 and related new genera // Arthropoda Selecta. Vol.12 (for 2003). No.2: 101–148 [in English].

1 Institute for Biological Problems of the North, Portovaya Str. 18, Magadan 685000 Russia. E-mail:

2 Institute for Systematics and Ecology of Animals, Frunze Str. 11, Novosibirsk 630091 Russia.

3 Zoological Museum, University of Turku, FIN-20014 Turku Finland. E-mail:

ABSTRACT: A survey of the spider genus Acantholycosa (type species Lycosa sudetica L. Koch, 1875 = A. norvegica) in Asia reveals that it is represented in East Palaearctic by 24 species (26 in Holarctic). Seventeen new species of Acantholycosa are described: A. altaiensis sp.n. (♂♀), A. dudkoromani sp.n. (♂♀), A. dudkorum sp.n. (♀), A. katunensis sp.n. (♂), A. khakassica sp.n. (♂), A. kurchumensis sp.n. (♀), A. levinae sp.n. (♂♀), A. logunovi sp.n. (♂♀), A. mordkovitchi sp.n. (♂♀), A. paraplumalis sp.n. (♂♀), A. petrophila sp.n. (♂), A. plumalis sp.n. (♂♀), A. sayanensis sp.n. (♂), A. spinembolus sp.n. (♂), A. zinchenkoi sp.n. (♂♀) (all from Altai and adjacent Russia), A. oligerae sp.n. (♂♀) and A. sundukovi sp.n. (♂) (both from Maritime Prov. of Russia). Seven other species occurring in Asia are illustrated: A. aborigenica Zyuzin et Marusik, 1988, A. azheganovae (Lobanova, 1978) comb.n. ex. Alopecosa, A. azyuzini Marusik et al., 1996, A. baltoroi (Caporiacco, 1935), A. lignaria (Clerck, 1757), A. norvegica (Thorell, 1872) and A. sterneri (Marusik, 1993). It was found that some species attributed to Acantholycosa are, in fact, not closely related to the generotype, A. norvegica, and therefore two new genera are described for Asian species: Mongolicosa gen.n. with 6 species: M. pseudoferruginea (Schenkel, 1936) comb.n. ex. Pardosa, M. buryatica sp.n. (♂♀) (Buryatia), M. glupovi sp.n. (♂♀, type species, Altai and adjacent Russia), M. gobiensis sp.n. (♀, South Gobi Aimak), M. mongolensis sp.n. (♂♀, Central Mongolia), M. songi sp.n. (♀, Mongolia and probably Xinjiang), and Sibirocosa gen.n. with five species: S. sibirica (Kulczyński, 1908) comb.n. and S. subsolana (Kulczyński, 1907) comb.n. both ex. Acantholycosa, S. alpina sp.n. (♀, S. Kazakhstan), S. kolymensis sp.n. (♂♀, type species, Kolyma River upper flow), S. manchurica sp.n. (♂♀, Maritime Prov.). Two new synonyms have been found: Acantholycosa altaica Savelyeva, 1972 syn.n. = A. lignaria (Clerck, 1757) and Acantholycosa triangulata Yu & Song, 1988 syn.n. = Mongolicosa pseudoferruginea (Schenkel, 1936). In addition one more genus Pyrenecosa gen.n. was described for three species distributed in SW Europe, namely P. pyrenaea (Simon, 1876) comb.n., P. rupicola (Dufour, 1821) comb.n. (type species), and P. spinosa (Denis, 1938) comb.n. all ex Acantholycosa. The male of S. subsolana (Kulczyński, 1907) is described here for the first time.

KEY WORDS: spiders, Aranei, Lycosidae, Acantholycosa, East Palaearctic, revision, new species, new genera, new combinations, new synonymy.

Download PDF